Zero Liquid Discharge Solutions

How Zero Liquid Discharge Solutions Transforms Waste into a Valuable Resource


In a world facing escalating water scarcity and environmental concerns, industries are under increasing pressure to adopt sustainable practices. One innovative solution gaining traction is Zero Liquid Discharge Solutions, a process that not only addresses waste water recycling but also transforms waste into a valuable resource. This blog delves into the concept of ZLD solutions and how it’s t is important & mandatory in all type of industries.

Understanding Zero Liquid Discharge Solutions (ZLD)

Zero Liquid Discharge is a comprehensive water recycling approach that aims to eliminate the discharge of liquid waste into the environment. Traditional wastewater treatment methods often involve the release of partially treated or untreated effluents into water bodies, causing pollution and degrading ecosystems. ZLD solutions, however, go beyond treatment and focuses on the complete recovery or recycling of water from industrial processes, leaving behind only solid waste that can be further utilized. This approach not only minimizes environmental impact but also maximizes resource recovery.

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The ZLD Process 

The ZLD process involves a sequence of advanced technologies that work together to purify and recover water from industrial effluents. Here’s a simplified breakdown of the key steps:

Pretreatment: The initial stage involves the removal of coarse solids and oil from the wastewater. This helps prevent clogging and damage to downstream equipment.

Biological Treatment: In this stage, biological processes are employed to break down organic contaminants. This step reduces the biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) of the wastewater.

Reverse Osmosis (RO): RO is a critical step where pressure is applied to force water molecules through a semipermeable membrane, effectively separating impurities. The purified water obtained from this process can be used for various industrial purposes.

Evaporation/Crystallization: The remaining concentrated brine is subjected to evaporation, causing water to vaporize and leaving behind salts and minerals. This concentrated brine can be further processed through crystallization to recover valuable salts.

Solid Waste Disposal: The final byproduct of ZLD solutions is a solid waste material that mainly consists of the salts and minerals separated during evaporation and crystallization. This waste can often be repurposed for applications like road construction or other industrial processes.

In comparison with the conventional ZLD system, Scaleban is a nonconventional, cost-effective & Sustainable solution for ZLD.

SCALEBAN” is a technology-based company that offers a sustainable solution to different types of industries for optimizing ZLD & Water Conservation objectives without the use of available conventional technologies globally like wastewater RO and Evaporator (MEE).

Looking at the present serious concern of Water Conservation and Environment Protection, industries have to reduce and recycle their wastewater within the plants by adopting suitable technologies, but globally available conventional technologies are not only expensive but also not sustainable.

Scaleban is a breakthrough technology, which is a combination of Scaleban equipment and Scaleban specialty chemicals by which wastewater (ETP Outlet) can be successfully utilized directly in cooling towers in place of fresh water without affecting the plant performance to optimize Water Conservation/ ZLD objectives on a sustainable basis.

With this disruptive Technology, cooling tower circuits can be easily operated at High COC (15-20) at very high TDS of 250,000 ppm (25%) by ensuring scale-free, corrosion-free and bio-fouling-free operations of the entire cooling tower circuit. This will lead to eliminating the use of conventional technologies for achieving water conservation and ZLD objectives.

SCALEBAN Technology Advantages 

  • 80% saving in CAPEX.
  • 80% saving in OPEX.
  • Very easy to establish the results.
  • No maintenance/replacement of parts is required for 20 years.
  • Zero Footprints is an online equipment.
  • It can handle variable water qualities in cooling towers.
  • Reduction in CO2 emissions.
  • Return on Investment (ROI) within 12-18 months.
  • Supply installation and commissioning time within 6-8 weeks.
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ZLD in Manufacturing Industries

Textile Industry: Textile manufacturing is known for its high water consumption and pollution. By adopting ZLD solutions, textile plants have not only reduced their environmental impact but also harnessed the potential of recovered dyes and chemicals.

Pharmaceutical & Chemical Sector: The pharmaceutical & Chemical industry is renowned for its substantial water usage and the potential discharge of chemically complex effluents. Through the implementation of ZLD solutions, pharmaceutical plants have not just lessened their ecological footprint but have also capitalized on the opportunity to recover and utilize reclaimed pharmaceutical compounds and chemicals.

Power Plants: Power generation facilities, particularly those using coal or natural gas, produce substantial wastewater containing pollutants. ZLD solutions in power plants have proven effective in minimizing pollution and recovering valuable metals like selenium. 

Sugar-Distillery Plants  – The sugar distillery sector is well-known for its significant water consumption and the potential release of intricate chemical byproducts. By adopting Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) solutions, sugar distilleries have effectively reduced their environmental impact and have also leveraged the chance to reclaim and repurpose recovered chemical compounds.

Edible Oil Plants- The edible oil industry is well-known for its significant water consumption and the potential release of complex chemical effluents. By adopting Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) solutions, edible oil plants have effectively reduced their environmental impact and have also seized the chance to recuperate and employ reclaimed edible oil compounds and chemicals.

Zero Liquid Discharge Solutions

SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation 

SDG 6 aims to ensure the availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all. Water scarcity, inadequate sanitation, and water pollution are challenges faced by many communities worldwide. By implementing ZLD practices, industries can play a pivotal role in supporting SDG 6 objectives. ZLD technologies, such as advanced water treatment systems like Scaleban, can effectively treat and recycle wastewater, minimizing water consumption and reducing the discharge of water into natural ecosystems. This approach promotes water conservation, mitigates pollution risks, and supports the provision of clean water resources for communities.

SDG 13: Climate Action 

SDG 13 focuses on combating climate change and its impacts. As industries increasingly recognize their carbon footprint, addressing water-related emissions becomes crucial. ZLD solutions contribute to SDG 13 by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and fostering sustainable water management. By implementing ZLD technologies, industries can minimize water usage and lower energy consumption associated with traditional wastewater treatment methods. Additionally, by reusing treated wastewater, freshwater sources are conserved, further mitigating the impact of climate change on water availability. The adoption of ZLD practices aligns with SDG 13’s call for sustainable production and consumption patterns, helping reduce the industry’s contribution to global greenhouse gas emissions and promoting climate resilience.


Zero Liquid Discharge Solutions is a paradigm shift in waste management, offering a multifaceted solution to water scarcity, pollution, and resource depletion. By embracing this approach, industries can transform their waste streams into valuable resources while minimizing their environmental footprint. The integration of advanced technologies and the commitment to sustainable practices herald a future where ZLD  solutions become the norm, leading us toward a more water-secure and ecologically balanced world.